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Quite remarkable result of this Manifesto which proposed, without initial a priori, to make an analysis of the global situation of the human species facing:

  • the planetary boundaries overshoot,

  • the emergence of global automation technological capacities,

and attempting the exercise of finding solutions... is the result of a new separation of powers.

This key principle, already studied and tested in history (theory of the separation of powers developed by Locke (1632-1704) and Montesquieu (1689-1755)) has only concretely addressed the breakdown, the "separation", of the functions of State (State = group of people representing and responsible for the coordination of a given society) which have been concentrated in a single person for a very long time (Monarchies, Empires, etc.).

These major functions to be separated are:

  • Legislative power: elaborate the rules (Laws),

  • Executive power: execution of the rules,

  • Justice power: settlement of disputes.

Their separation is a necessary protection against despotism (concentration of personal power) and allows the balance of the exercise of power guaranteeing the protection of human rights.

If this functional separation is necessary at the level of the orchestration of a society, the result of this Manifesto summarized by the 3 requirements below, is that it would also be necessary to achieve an operational separation of powers concretely in the daily life of the inhabitants of the world, to guarantee independently:

  • the adaptive organization of the living: "legislative power",

  • the action of all: "executive power",

  • the distribution for all: “justice power”.

Powers that are concentrated today in a single counter, disconnected from the reality of our nature, on which our entire human organization is defined, money.

This result led to another rather remarkable observation, taking France as an example, which is precisely that this exchange tool, money, would be neither declared nor defined in its constitution. The role, the functions, the limits of the central tool of our human organization, money, would not be defined in the reference text defining the framework of our organization; tool to which, by cultural heritage, we simply delegate all authority and all value: hence the permanent confusion between "political power" and "economic power".

Then who really has the power? The human species or our exchange tool? How do we build a democracy when one of our own tool, money, holds all the authority?
The human species with its exchange tool would therefore have "a big hole in the racket" in terms of authority and ability to respect the biosphere in which it exists.


These results and findings may lead us to reinvent our organization, certainly through a new constitution.

 

Inspired by the complete analysis proposed by this site, this page gives an example of construction of the first levels of a CONSTITUTION which would respect the principle of separation of the powers of ACTION and DISTRIBUTION in order to ensure living beings perenniality on the very long term.

This page is a work in progress. Feel free to get into the complete website and get started in the same way ! All the propositions to push the topic forward are welcome.

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ORGANIZATION REQUIREMENTS

1. Any organization shall exist, be designed and be capable to adapt itself in order to be at the service of the perenniality of the living beings.

2. ACTION of all shall be:

  • PERMANENT,

  • RELEVANT for oneself and for the coexistence of living beings in a given ecosystem,

  • DIVERSIFIED with a maximum FREEDOM of orientation;

 

3. DISTRIBUTION for all shall:

  • cover our NEEDS exactly, without growth nor decrease (= no one dies of hunger, cold or mild disease),

  • fairly VALUE ​​our action (involvement, results, skills, responsibility),

  • RESPECT the limits of resources in a given context to allow their perennial renewal.

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Paradigme_Separation_EN.jpg

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HYPOTHESIS
(KEY INDICATORS)

  • FINITE VIABLE CONTEXTS: (currently Earth + ISS)

    • MATTER:

      • solid/liquid/gas interface (Lands/Seas/Sky),

      • Pressure, temperature,

      • gravitational field (and/or training and Coriolis accelerations for non-negligible rotating reference frames - spaceships rotating on themselves or base on an asteroid rotating on itself).

      • Composition of the context (atoms of "terrestrial life", constituting on average more than 95% of the mass of terrestrial living beings: O, C, H, N; molecules of "terrestrial life": water H2O constituting more than 60% of the mass of all living beings, and others) - minimum for the existence of terrestrial life.

    • ENERGIES:

      • “Primary” energies: “permanent” on the scale of a solar system (starry).

        • “solar” (radiation from the sun, from the star),

        • gravitation (hydraulic energy from falling water, tides, etc.)

        • wind power

        • “Internal” thermal energy (molten core of a planet).

      • “Secondary” energies: finite resources on the scale of a planet produced from the transformation of "primary" energies.

        • “fossils”: molecules “storing” solar energy (carbon chains resulting from the photosynthetic construction of living beings), others,

        • “atomic”: atoms “storing” the gravitational energy of a star (radioactive atoms).

    • TIME : duration of viability of a context.

    • SPACE: Definition of the occupation of space (Seas/Lands/Sky):

      • space to be left inoccupied by the human species to leave room for the profusion of biodiversity and the establishment of the living perenniality.

      • space exploitable by the human species.

      • space habitable by the human species.

    • LIVING:

      • Autotroph living beings ("plants"),

      • Heterotroph living beings ("animals"):

        • Species capable of technology (able to build tools to cross the space emptiness): number of human beings (at the moment).

        • Maximum of living beings "capable of technology" viable in the context.

    • TECHNOLOGY: context-specific tools to be developed to ensure the perennial survival of the estimated maximum number of inhabitants.

  • ACTION : 1 time counter to ACT: action relevant, rich and diversified throughout life - cf. page Equality/Action for more detail - for instance on the following pace :

    • from 6 months to 58 years old: 36h/week with 10 weeks vacation per year (1500h/year).

    • from 59 years old to 70 years old: 2h/week less each year, going from 36h/week to 12h/week gradually between 58 years old and 70 years old (always 10 weeks of vacation per year).

    • from 70 years old to the end of life: 12h/week (at best according to each person's capacities), 10 weeks of vacation per year.

 

ACTION separated in 14 domains:

A. Administration

B. KNOWLEDGE transfer / Training

C. KNOWLEDGE extension / Research

Vital production :

1.a Water

1.b Food

1.c Housing

Operational production :

2.a Energy

2.b Tools

2.c Transport

Social production :

3.a Clothes

3.b Home furniture

3.c Culture and hobbies

 

+ Health care and services

 

X. Peace and security

  • DISTRIBUTION : 10 counters to HAVE (distribution which covers our needs, values proportionnally our action while respecting all forms of life)

Vital resources :

1.a Water

1.b Food

1.c Housing

Operational resources:

2.a Energy

2.b Tools

2.c Transport

Social resources:

3.a Clothes

3.b Home furniture

3.c Culture and hobbies

 

+ Health

This identification of key indicators and main separation leads to a proposition of three independent institutions at the service of the cohabitation of the living beings, to ensure the perenniality of the living over the long term:

  • (LIVING ADAPTATIVE) ORGANIZATION: rules/limits definition and update (finite viable context)

  • ACTION: of all the human beings

  • DISTRIBUTION: fair and respectful share of the production between all.

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Demographic and space structuration

The problems to be dealt with by the inhabitants of the world would be scaled and prioritized according to their spatial and temporal scope, for example:

  • the management of eggs and chicken production could be done locally at the scale of 1,000 to 10,000 inhabitants,

  • managing energy production could be maintained on the scale of a country and a few tens of millions of inhabitants,

  • while managing the manufacture and the sustainability over a century of a space station should be done on the scale of a continent and a few billion inhabitants.

Demo_Orga_EN.jpg
  • The management of the 3 institutions at each level would be carried out by trained people, whose skills would have been validated by a test, selected by competition by a jury mastering the corresponding disciplines if too many candidates, renewed regularly for example according to the proposed pace in the Administration column of the table above.

  • The "democratic elections" would not have as their object the choice of its coordinators, but the prioritization of projects and orientations to be given at each level, from local to global.

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On the basis of these minimum requirements, indicators and organization structure propositions, the exercise must be continued to go into the details of the invention of a concrete organization that would be sufficiently respectful of all living beings so that the majority of human beings feel useful and respected throughout their life.

The exercise amounts to imagining a realistic organization that puts the Universal Participation Notice to music:

Page in progress, CONSTITUTION invention to be continued...

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